Difference between revisions of "Decision making Practices"

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==Decision Making Practices==
==Decision Making Practices==
This section documents the proposed set of decision-making practices for the '''''TECHNICAL & SUPPORT SERVICES Steering Division (T3SD)''''' of the HL7 Technical Steering Committee.
This section documents the 2013 final version of decision-making practices for the '''''TECHNICAL & SUPPORT SERVICES Steering Division (T3SD)''''' of the HL7 Technical Steering Committee, posted at:  http://gforge.hl7.org/gf/download/docmanfileversion/7440/10722/T3SD%20Decision%20making%20Practices_2013_Final.docx
The Steering Division is tasked to coordinate and oversee the activities of its constituents and to represent their concerns and perspectives in the HL7 Technical Steering Committee.
'''<u>Constituency & Voting</u>'''
* The Steering Divisions of the Technical Steering Committee are made up of the Co-chairs of a set of working groups that constitute that Steering Division (the '''Constituents''' of the Steering Division).
** Education - Voting Member
** Electronic Services - Voting Member
** International Mentoring - Voting Member
** Process Improvement - Voting Member
** Project Services - Voting Member
** Tooling - Voting Member
** Publishing - Voting Member
** HL7 HQ Staff Project Management Office - nonVoting Member
* The Constituents of each Steering Division are determined by the Technical Steering Committee.
* The '''Members''' of the Steering Division are the co-chairs of the Constituent Working Groups
* The Co-chairs of the Steering Division are elected by the Constituents and act as the representatives to the TSC from the Steering Division.
* Voting in Steering Division matters will be cast on a one-vote per Constituent
** In the instance that more than one Member (co-chair)is present in the meeting for a given constituency the primary voting Member will be noted. 
** In the instance that one person present is a co-chair of more than one Constituency they may carry a vote for each constituency
** The meeting minutes should reflect when the primary vote role changes.
The T3SD will lead by example, and adhere to a set of decision-making practices that ensure consensus, openness, and balance of interest.  Furthermore, the practices as outlined here are designed to enable timely decision-making with an earnest attempt to ensure that input from all affected parties is considered.  The Decision-making practices of the T3SD will not conflict with the governing policies of HL7.<br><br>
# '''Meetings are open to all interested parties including but not limited to members of HL7, HL7 affiliates, and guests of HL7 as referenced in the HL7 Bylaws – Article 3.02.''' <br><br>Meetings of the T3SD are open to everyone to ensure that viewpoints of all affected parties have an opportunity to be shared and considered.  Everyone may have an opportunity to speak; however, the chair may limit discussion to topics that have been identified during the setting of the meeting agenda, or due to time-constraints that may prevent completion of business. If discussion is truncated prior to resolution of the item under discussion, a future time for discussion will be set prior to moving to the next topic. Participants with submitted topics are expected to attend when the purpose or mode of the meeting require their input. Other HL7 members may be asked to attend to provide specific input regarding a particular issue. The following list identifies expected participation by meeting type.  All T3SD meetings are open; this list simply identifies the anticipated participants.
#* <u>Scheduled/Periodic conference call meetings</u> are attended by T3SD Members (Co-chairs of the Constituents)#* <u>T3SD Meetings during Working Group Meetings</u> may be attended by any working group meeting attendee.  Participants are asked to introduce themselves and identify the nature of their affiliation with HL7.<br><br>
# '''Venues of Notification.'''<br><br>All activities will be conducted in a public light with efforts made to ensure ample notification of those interested.  The T3SD shall use the T3SD<nowiki>'</nowiki>s portion of the TSC Wiki site as its primary vehicle for notifications.<br><br>Satisfaction of minimal notification requirements dictates that relevant announcements/materials/etc. be posted to the Wiki.  The Wiki will be used for discussion threads, notifications, new and archived documents, whereas the web server will predominantly be used for archival and document resources (decision documents, minutes, papers, etc.).<br><br>Any use of the terms '''post''', '''posted''', or '''posting''' refers to notification subject to these constraints.<br><br>
# '''Notification of meetings and the intended agenda is provided prior to the meeting.''' <br><br>Binding decisions can be made only at meetings with the required advance notification; only recommendations and non-binding decisions can be made at special purpose meetings.<br><br>The chair of the T3SD shall make every attempt to ensure that all parties with an interest in agenda topics are made aware of the meeting time and location subject to the documented notification requirements.  As appropriate, T3SD activities will be cross-posted to other HL7 Wiki sites, depending upon the topic and type of meeting as indicated in the following list.  Certain meetings are subject to Bylaws or Governance and Operations Manual (GOM).  Please refer to the Bylaws or GOM for additional information.<br>
#* <u>Working group meeting agendas</u> are posted in the meeting brochure.  A preliminary agenda is developed by Wednesday of the prior working-group meeting and posted with the minutes within 2 weeks.  The preliminary agenda is finalized on a scheduled conference call two weeks prior to the working group meeting and posted within 2 business days.  Recognizing the dynamic nature of working group meetings, the agenda may require updates.  Notification will be satisfied so long as at least two of the following venues are used:
#** <u>E-mail notification by 6:00 pm local time the evening before the event</u>
#** <u>Notification on the bulletin board (near the registration desk) at least 2 quarters prior to the event</u>
#** <u>Announcement in the general session or lunch session prior to the event</u>
#* <u>Scheduled/Periodic telephone conference call meeting agendas</u> are to be posted no later than 24 hours prior to the call. Preliminary agendas are to be determined at the close of each teleconference.
#* The agenda, for either a conference call or working group meeting, will include the purpose of each topic, anticipated discussion time and whether it is intended to set direction or to make a decision.
#* Should the T3SD require <u>action between scheduled meetings</u> there are two alternatives.  First, a Special Purpose Meeting may be called as defined in the GOM (Section 11.04), which requires 30 days notice.  Alternatively, the issues may be discussed as an informal group, bringing forward recommendations to the list or as a discussion topic for the next regularly scheduled T3SD meeting. Recommendations by the informal group are not binding decisions until acted upon by the T3SD.<br><br>
#'''Decisions made at T3SD meetings are recorded in meeting minutes and posted.'''<br><br>Minutes are recorded and posted for all T3SD meetings including the date, time, and location of the meeting, a list of attendees, the intended agenda, a brief summary of discussion topics, and the outcome of proposals made (including vote tallies if votes were taken).<br><br>Minutes from a working group meeting will be posted no later than 2 weeks of the last day of the conference and in compliance with HQ deadlines; minutes from a conference call will be posted within one week of the call.<br><br>
# '''Decisions made at non-working group meetings (conference calls and special purpose meetings) are summarized during the next working group meeting.'''<br><br>In the interest of facilitating good communication among the T3SD members, those decisions that were made between working group meetings will be summarized and available at working group meetings.  This communication will contain, at a minimum, abbreviated summary of the issues involved and the decisions made by the T3SD.  Any T3SD decisions are subject to the practices documented elsewhere in this paper.<br><br>
# '''Quorum for T3SD meetings: For decision making, the chair (or designate) and Co-chairs representing at least half of the constituents must be present. For direction setting, the chair (or designate) and Co-chairs representing at least one-third of the constituents must be present. In both circumstances, the chair may be counted as the Co-chair representing his/her constituent in the event no other Co-chairs of that constituent are present.'''<br><br>Attendance for all meetings is recorded in the meeting minutes, including the participant name and constituent(s) they represent.  The recorder for the meeting is responsible for ensuring minutes are taken and posted.  Due to the balanced makeup of the T3SD,  "Preponderance of Influence" is not viewed as a substantive issue for the T3SD.  The chair may cast a vote on behalf of the constituent the chair represents in the event that no other Co-chairs for that constituent are present.<br><br>In all circumstances, the T3SD can have no more than one presiding chair. All other T3SD members act as regular members when not presiding. Note that the presiding chair can change within the course of a given session so long as a public statement recognizing the shift of control is made.<br><br>Although any issue may be discussed within T3SD meeting venues at any time, binding actions cannot be taken without sufficient notification and quorum.  Absence of either of these conditions allows the T3SD to issue recommendations that must subsequently be ratified by the T3SD subject to satisfying constraints placed upon binding decisions.<br><br>
# '''Decisions made by the Steering Division are reached using a simple majority vote.  Votes are cast on behalf of the Constituents (one vote per Constituent) as determined by the Co-chairs of each Constituent in attendance.  '''On a given topic, an individual who is a Co-Chair of more than one constituent of T3SD may cast a vote on behalf of each one of those constituents'''. The T3SD will always strive for consensus in decision-making.'''<br><br>While decisions are made by simple majority vote, the T3SD shall endeavor to make its decisions via a consensus process.  For a decision to be called consensus, it must receive two-thirds (66%) majority support.  While determining if consensus is being reached, a variety of techniques may be used informally to assess the position of the group, including but not limited to straw poll, Robert<nowiki>'</nowiki>s Rules of Order, seeking response to a hypothetical opposing view, and polling each participant to voice their position on the issue.<br><br>When formal votes are taken voting shall always be by constituent. For non-binding decisions only, all meeting participants may have the opportunity to vote at the discretion of the chair.<br><br>It is recognized that revisiting previously made decisions inhibits T3SD progress and should be discouraged.  That said, circumstances might exist that warrant re-opening of discussion on a previously visited issue.  To dissuade this practice, such re-opening requires a formal motion, second, and simple majority affirmative vote of the T3SD as subject to the quorum rules in this document; however, in order for the decision to be considered binding, advance notification, as defined in this document, is required<br><br>
# '''If none of the Co-chairs of a constituent of T3SD are able to participate in T3SD activities in person, that constituent may <u>not</u> vote by proxy.'''<br><br>The T3SD does not recognize voting by proxy.  There is ample opportunity to support or oppose proposals under consideration through T3SD Wiki discussions, email and conference calls, and virtually all constituents have more than one Co-chair authorized to represent them.  If a constituent feels strongly enough about a particular topic to want consideration by the T3SD, that constituent shall be present for the topic to be considered.  The chair will be sensitive and considerate in attempting to accommodate schedules to ensure the constituent can be represented at the appropriate venue.<br><br><u>Statement of Position</u>.  Those HL7 members wishing to establish a position on a topic under consideration by the T3SD in writing may do so subject to the notification requirements below.  Statements of Position received prior-to or during the meeting will be shared by the chair as part of the discussion on the related topic.  The chair has the responsibility to voice and represent these positions during relevant discussion, though they are not under obligation to support or defend them.  These statements do not carry the weight of a vote and are included as informational items only for consideration by the T3SD. All Statements of Position received in electronic form will be included as attachments to the minutes.<br><br>
# '''The T3SD shall rely upon Robert<nowiki>'</nowiki>s Rules of Order in the event that formal guidance is needed or requested.'''<br><br>The T3SD intends to ensure the effective and active engagement of all participants.  To ensure fair and just participation, the T3SD shall follow its documented decision-making practices, falling-back upon Roberts Rules of Order in the event of a question or concern.  Since Robert<nowiki>'</nowiki>s Rules of Order provides formalism for addressing almost all matters of process, this provides a "backup mechanism" of formality in the event that it is required.<br><br>It is the responsibility of the chair to guide the T3SD to an efficient and effective outcome.  The T3SD shall follow, in this order of precedence, these Decision-making Practices (which cannot conflict with HL7 Policies and Procedures or the HL7 Bylaws), HL7 Governance and Operations Manual (GOM), the HL7 Bylaws, and Robert<nowiki>'</nowiki>s Rules of Order.  T3SD-established decision-making practices can refine the HL7 GOM and Bylaws so long as they remain in accordance with those documents.<br><br>In the event that an issue arises where formality is required and other guidance exists, Robert<nowiki>'</nowiki>s Rules of Order shall take precedence.  This provides a "common denominator" to keep in-check the power of the chair and to confirm the rights of all T3SD members.
#'''Electronic Voting.'''
#*It is expected that some T3SD voting outside of the working group meetings will be conducted electronically.
#*T3SD electronic votes will be announced on the steering division list server.
#*The T3SD electronic votes will be held open for a period not to exceed 3 weeks from the announcement that the voting is opened or when quorum on the vote has been achieved.
#*Quorum for electronic voting is 50% of the constituent work groups voting plus a steering division co-chair voting.
#*If quorum has not been achieved at the end of the 3 week period, the vote will be closed, and the work groups not participating in the vote shall be counted towards quorum and as casting an abstention in the vote.
#*Electronic votes are decided by simple majority of the affirmatives and negatives.
===Quorum Examples===
The following examples are based upon the Steering Division including seven Constituent bodies.
# Simple scenario<br>''6 persons, representing five constituents, attend a meeting, including the chair (or their designate).''<br><br>Quorum is established and the T3SD can conduct its business as usual. Five participants may vote, because one constituent is represented by two attendees.<br><br>
# Tie scenario<br>''6 persons, representing six constituents, attend a meeting, including the chair (or their designate).''<br><br>Quorum is established and the T3SD can conduct its business as usual. In the event of a tie the item will fail because a simple majority is not reached.<br><br>
# Non-representative scenario<br>''6 persons, representing three constituents, including the chair (or their designate).''<br><br>Quorum is not established for decision making (less than one half of constituents are present). However, direction setting business may proceed as one thrid of constituents are represented.<br><br>

Revision as of 19:21, 29 July 2013


Decision Making Practices

This section documents the 2013 final version of decision-making practices for the TECHNICAL & SUPPORT SERVICES Steering Division (T3SD) of the HL7 Technical Steering Committee, posted at: http://gforge.hl7.org/gf/download/docmanfileversion/7440/10722/T3SD%20Decision%20making%20Practices_2013_Final.docx